Choice of Technology: Fertilizer Manufacture in Bangladesh
This book, second in a series of studies under a Technology Choice Project at BIDS, examines in some depth the extent of technology transfer that has taken place in the Bangladesh Fertilizer Industry. It appears that the technology transfer process has remained more or less confined to the acquisition of production capability; that project preparation and appraisal were generally inadequate, and that local participation and implementation in project design was nil or negligible. An important point emerging from the transfer process is the strong link between the source of machinery and equipment and the source of foreign aid, and the even stronger connection between the source of foreign aid and that of the general contractor. In this process, Bangladesh has largely failed in acquiring technological capability in the manufacture of fertilizer, inspite of its heavy involvement in the industry over the last thirty years, in six major investment undertaking, in some years even drawing as high as three-quarters of the total public sector investment undertaking, in some years even drawing as high as three-quarters of the total public sector investment in manufacturing. It is hoped that the findings will help the policymakers in redefining the policy framework, thus helping, among other things in a closer involvement of the local expertise and a larger participation of the domestic machinery manufacturing sector, besides obtaining least-out technologies at competitive prices.
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